Our last unit in science is Interaction with Habitats.
We will study the following key concepts over the next several weeks:
1. An adaptation is part of a plant/animal’s body or a behavior that helps the organism get what it needs.
2. If a plant or animal cannot get what it needs from its environment and cannot move or adapt, it will die.
3. An environment is all the living and non-living things including habitats in an area.
4. A habitat is a place where a plant or animal lives that has everything it needs.
5. A food chain shows the flow of energy in an environment through feeding relationships.
6. Arrows in the food chain show the direction the energy flows.
7. The sun provides the energy for almost all the food chains on Earth.
8. A producer in a food chain is the first living organism in the food chain. Plants and algae are producers. They get energy by making food from the Sun.
9. A consumer is any organism that gets its food from eating other organisms.
10. A predator is an animal that hunts other animals for food. (Hint: you can form the word “eat” from letters in the word “predator”.)
11. Prey are animals that are hunted and eaten by other animals. (Hint: Think of prey as praying, “Please don’t eat me!”)
12. An herbivore is an animal that eats only plants.
13. A carnivore is an animal that eats only other animals (meat).
14. An omnivore is an animal that eats both plants and animals.
15. Plants and animals can change their environment in many ways. Some changes are fast. Some are slow.
16. Students will need to identify and describe adaptations of plants and animals and how the adaptations help to survive.
17. Students will need to give an example of how a plant or animal can change its environment.
You can help reinforce concepts we will learn in our Interaction with Habitats unit in the following ways:
1. Students are taught multiple strategies for remembering difficult vocabulary. Ask your child to show you the hand motions for herbivore, carnivore and omnivore and explain them. Ask your child how we can remember the differences between predator and prey and consumer and producer.
2. Check out books from the library about ecosystems.
In addition, your child may want to revisit some of the websites we will explore during the unit:
Study Jam on food chains:
Magic school bus gets
This is a Food Chain Sing Along Song
Food Chain Crash Course for Kids
Interactive sites for Food Chain practice and games